information below can be found by clicking here.
Cocoa Beach is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United
States. The population was 12,482 at the 2000 census. According
to the U.S. Census Bureau estimates of 2008, the city had
a population of 11,920. It is part of the Palm Bay–Melbourne–Titusville
Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The first non-native settlement in the area was by a family
of freed slaves following the Civil War. In 1888, a group
of men from Cocoa bought the entire tract of land, which went
undeveloped until it was bought out in 1923 by a member of
the group—Gus Edwards, Cocoa's city attorney. At that
time, Edwards' total holdings included approximately 600 acres
and he had stopped practicing law to devote all his efforts
to developing the area.
The Town of Cocoa Beach was established on June 5, 1925.
Gus C. Edwards was elected as Mayor and served
as a commissioner along with J.A. Haisten, and R.Z. Grabel.
On July 27, 1925, Cocoa Beach held its first official meeting
at the Cocoa Beach Casino, and adopted the City Seal. A little
less than a month later, plans for a pier became official.
By 1939, the town had 49 residents.
During World War II, Cocoa Beach experienced money shortages
for employees, and money to fix roads. On June 29, 1957, the
town of Cocoa Beach incorporated into a city. In September,
1959, the city voted to add more sidewalks, improve the streets
in residential areas and the main streets, and to pave more
In 1965, Cocoa Beach High School requested that Cocoa Avenue,
the street that the school was located on, be changed to Minutemen
Blvd., in honour of the school's mascot, the Minuteman. Over
the next couple decades, the school would come to offer the
International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme, and was ranked
the 46th best high school in America in 2006.
Cocoa Beach started its major growth during the 1960s (1000%
population increase from 1950 to 1960) due to America's
space program. NASA's John F. Kennedy Space Center is located
approximately 15 miles north of the town. Many people moved
to Cocoa Beach due to their jobs involving the space program,
and in search of new opportunity.
After manned space flights, the town held parades in honor
of the astronauts.
Many of the homes in Cocoa Beach are built on dredged mud
and sand from the Banana River. After NASA's Apollo program
came to an end, and before the Shuttle program was in full
swing, the town suffered from layoffs. At one point, in 1975,
unemployment was 14.3%. Many families lost their jobs or
simply moved away. People could not sell their homes and some
walked away from them.
Cocoa Beach was the setting for the 1960s sitcom I Dream
of Jeannie, although only one episode was actually filmed
there (Jeannie's wedding). Also, Cocoa Beach High School was
used as the school in the 2000 movie Race to Space.
Cocoa Beach run by a Commission-Manager government, agreed
to by its citizens in 1958. The City Commission acts as the
legislative branch of the city government, guided by the provisions
of the Charter of the City of Cocoa Beach. The City Commission
enacts ordinances and resolution that the City Manager administers
as the appointed executive officer of the city government.
The city owns and runs a golf course on the Banana River.
In 2007, the city had a taxable real estate base of $2.09
The City Commission is made up of five members, one of which
is the Mayor. The commissioners are elected at-large to three-year
terms. A Vice Mayor is then selected from among them at an
organizational meeting held after the election. The Mayor
presides over all meetings and performs duties as delegated
to the Mayor by the City Commission.
The City Manager is appointed by the City Commission and
is responsible for the city's day-to-day operation. The city's
charter has established a separation of powers and responsibility
between the Commission and the Manager: The elected Commission
establishes policy that the Manager and staff carry out. The
City Manager conducts day-to-day operations through four city
departments: Administrative, Public Safety, Utilities, and
Recreation. Charles Billias has filled this office since
Public transportation in Cocoa Beach, Cape Canaveral, and
surrounding Brevard County is provided by Space Coast Area
Cocoa Beach Pier built in 1962 extends into the Atlantic
Cocoa Beach is located at 28°19'52?N 80°36'47?W?
/ ?28.331035°N 80.613035°W? / 28.331035; -80.613035.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has
a total area of 39.0 km² (15.0 mi²). 12.7 km²
(4.9 mi²) of it is land and 26.3 km² (10.1 mi²)
of it (67.49%) is water. Bordered on the north is Cape Canaveral;
on the south is Cresent Beach; on the east is the Atlantic
Ocean (5.6 miles of oceanfront); on the west is the Banana
Propelled by a powerful hurricane, the ocean pushed its way
through the barrier islands centuries ago and formed the Thousand
Islands in the Indian River.
Cocoa Beach's climate can be classified as subtropical.
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,482 people, 6,529
households, and 3,532 families residing in the city. The population
density was 985.5/km² (2,552.1/mi²). There were
8,709 housing units at an average density of 687.6/km²
(1,780.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.64%
White, 0.62% African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.07%
Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and
1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race
were 2.52% of the population.
There were 6,529 households out of which 12.9% had children
under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples
living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband
present, and 45.9% were non-families. 38.3% of all households
were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone
who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size
was 1.91 and the average family size was 2.47.
In the city the population was spread out with 12.2% under
the age of 18, 3.8% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 27.6%
from 45 to 64, and 34.4% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 54 years. For every 100 females there were
99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were
The median income for a household in the city was $42,372,
and the median income for a family was $51,795. Males had
a median income of $39,418 versus $27,113 for females. The
per capita income for the city was $28,968. About 3.7% of
families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty
line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those
age 65 or over.
Cocoa Beach is a retirement area, with the average age being
Surfing manufacture and tourism add to Cocoa Beach's economy.
Ron Jon's, a surf shop, receives 2 million visitors a year.
Cocoa Beach is home to the East Coast Surfing Hall of Fame.
The Cocoa Beach Pier formerly known as the Cape Canaveral
Pier was built in 1962. An annual Easter Surfing Festival
began in 1964. An estimated 100,000 spectators watch.
An annual Beach Fest is held in May.
An annual art festival has been drawing tourists since its
start in 1963.
An air show in 2009 drew a crowd estimated at 30,000.
In 2007, the average size of Cocoa's labor force was 6,344.
Of that group, 6,006 were employed and 338 were unemployed,
for an unemployment rate of 5.3%.
In 2008, 6 building permits were issued. This was down from
9 permits for 11 units in 2007, which was down from 20 permits
for 34 units in 2006.
The median home price in 2007 was $409,000.
Cocoa Beach is served by the following public schools:
* Freedom 7 Elementary
* Theodore Roosevelt Elementary
* Cocoa Beach Jr./Sr. High School
94% of all residents 25 years or older are high school graduates.
38.6% have a Bachelor's Degree or higher.