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Titusville is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United States.
The population was 40,670 at the 2000 census. As of 2008,
the estimated population according to the U.S. Census Bureau
was 44,756. It is the county seat of Brevard County. Called
"Space City, USA," Titusville is a popular area
situated near the Kennedy Space Center and Canaveral National
Titusville is a principal city of the Palm Bay–Melbourne–Titusville
Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The area was once inhabited by the Ais Indians, who gathered
palmetto, cocoplum and seagrape berries. They also fished
the Indian River, called the Rio de Ais by Spanish explorers.
By 1760, however, the tribe had disappeared due to slave raids,
disease and rum. Florida was acquired from Spain in 1821,
but the Seminole Wars would delay settlement.
Originally called "Sand Point", a post office was
established in 1859, although it closed a few months later.
Confederate Colonel Henry T. Titus arrived in 1867 with the
intention to build a town on land owned by his wife, Mary
Hopkins Titus, daughter of a prominent planter from Darien,
Georgia. He laid out roads and in 1870 erected The Titus House,
a large one-story hotel next to a saloon. He also donated
land for four churches and a courthouse, the latter an effort
to get the town designated as county seat. The community was
named "Titusville" in 1873. It would be incorporated
as a city in 1887, the year construction began on St. Gabriel's
Episcopal Church, listed in 1972 on the National Register
of Historic Places. At one point, Titusville would be nicknamed
"The City of Churches".
The Atlantic Coast, St. Johns & Indian River Railroad
arrived in 1885 from Enterprise, which was connected by a
spur line to the Jacksonville, Tampa & Key West Railroad
at Enterprise Junction in present-day DeBary. Henry Flagler
would then extend his Florida East Coast Railroad south from
Daytona, with the station built in Titusville in 1892. Tourists
arrived, and the Indian River area would increasingly become
an agricultural and shipping center for pineapple and citrus
produce. A wooden bridge was built east to Playalinda Beach
in 1922. In the 1950s, the creation of the space center on
Merritt Island made the community's economy, population and
tourism grow considerably.
Titusville could have been called "Riceville",
but Col. Henry T. Titus challenged Capt. Clark Rice to a game
of dominoes to decide the name. Col. Henry T. Titus won the
game, and Sand Point became Titusville in 1873.
Titusville is run by a Council-Manager government. The elected
City Council serves as the city's legislative branch, while
the appointed City Manager carries out policies defined by
the Council. They govern the city according to its Charter,
adopted on June 3, 1963.
Titusville has the highest city tax rate in the county.
In 2007, the city had a taxable real estate base of $2.34
Titusville's five City Council members (one of which is the
Mayor) are elected at-large to four-year, staggered terms.
As the city's legislative body, the Council determines all
municipal policies not explicitly covered by the City Charter
or state legislation. They also adopt ordinances and resolutions,
cote appropriations, approve budgets, determine the tax rate,
and appoint citizens to serve on advisory boards and commissions.
The Mayor presides over all City Council meetings and votes
as a Council member. The Mayor is the recognized head of city
government for ceremonial and military law purposes, but has
no regular administrative duties. The Vice Mayor is chosen
from among the Council members at their annual organizational
meeting and takes the Mayor's place during absence or disability.
The City Manager is chosen by the City Council on the basis
of training, experience and ability, and serves at the pleasure
of the Council for an indefinite period of time. The City
Manager is tasked with enforcing all laws and ordinances,
appointing and removing department heads and employees, supervising
all departments, keeping the council advised on the city's
financial situation, keeping the Council and public informed
of the city government's operations.
Titusville 2020 is a process that is intended to help make
decisions for that city's growth through 2010 that will set
the stage for a well-run community in the decades ahead. This
accepts public input in a process known as "visioning."
The plan focuses on revitalizing the old downtown and developing
along a 3 miles stretch of river with accompanying major highway,
Historic sites and Museums
* American Police Hall of Fame & Museum
* North Brevard Historical Museum
* U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame
* U.S. Space Walk of Fame Museum
* Valiant Air Command Warbird Museum
* Windover Archaeological Site
Titusville is located at 28°35'28?N 80°49'12?W? /
?28.59111°N 80.82°W? / 28.59111; -80.82 (28.591210,
-80.819911). Titusville sits on the Indian River in the
Northern half of Brevard County, Florida.According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of
67.1 km² (25.9 mi²). 55.1 km² (21.3 mi²)
of it is land and 12.0 km² (4.7 mi²) of it (17.95%)
is water. Titusville is located on the Indian River lagoon,
part of the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway.
As of the census of 2000, there were 40,670 people, 17,200
households, and 11,094 families residing in the city. The
population density was 738.6/km² (1,913.4/mi²).
There were 19,178 housing units at an average density of 348.3/km²
(902.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.80%
White, 12.64% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.94%
Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and
1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race
were 3.52% of the population.
There were 17,200 households out of which 26.7% had children
under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples
living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband
present, and 35.5% were non-families. 29.9% of all households
were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone
who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size
was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.9% under
the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 23.2%
from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were
90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were
Economy / Personal income
The median income for a household in the city was $35,607,
and the median income for a family was $42,453. Males had
a median income of $36,076 versus $23,998 for females. The
per capita income for the city was $18,901. About 9.3% of
families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty
line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those
age 65 or over.
Many of Titusville's major employers are aerospace companies.
Knight's Armament Company, located here, is believed to be
the state's largest manufacturer of small arms.
In 2007, the average size of Titusville's labor force was
20,716. Of that group, 19,879 were employed and 837 were unemployed,
for an unemployment rate of 4%.
In 2008, 55 building permits for 64 units were issued. This
was down from 195 permits for 657 units in 2007. The city
issued 292 permits for 360 units in 2006.
The median home price in 2007 was $158,900.
The city primarily gets its water supply from the Florida’s
Surficial Aquifer. The Surficial Aquifer is a shallow, unconfined
aquifer that overlays the larger Floridan Aquifer. In 2005,
about 3.8 million gallons per day of raw water were drawn
from the City’s two wellfields.
Titusville is a popular vantage point for Space Shuttle
* Astronaut Hall of Fame
* Judge George Robbins House
* Pritchard House
* Spell House
* St. Gabriel's Episcopal Church
* Titusville Commercial District
* Wager House
Medical / Hospital
Parrish Medical Center is the hospital that serves Titusville.
It was founded in 1958
It was estimated in 2007 that 88.1% of all Titusville residents
25 years or older are high school graduates, and 23.6% have
a Bachelor's Degree or higher.
Primary and secondary public schools are run by the Brevard
County School Board:
* Apollo Elementary School
* Coquina Elementary School
* Imperial Estates Elementary School
* Oak Park Elementary School
* Riverview Elementary School
* South Lake Elementary School
* Jackson Middle School
* Madison Middle School
* Titusville High School
* Astronaut High School
* Space Coast High School
* Park Avenue Christian Academy
* Sculptor Charter School
* St. Teresa Catholic School
* Temple Christian School
* Brevard Community College